- First phase II of non-invasive physical plasma for preventing radiation dermatitis.
- No differences between intrapatient-randomised breast halves, no side effects.
- Overall low incidence and severity of acute radiation-induced toxicity.
- Significant improvement of all outcomes compared to independent control collective.
Background and Purpose
To investigate the effect of topical non-invasive physical plasma (NIPP), a volatile mix generated out of ambient air, on prevention of acute radiation dermatitis (RD) during and after whole-breast irradiation (WBI).
Materials and Methods
Lateral and medial breast halves were randomised within each patient to receive either 120 s of NIPP or sham treatment daily during WBI. Standard skin care with urea lotion was applied to the whole breast. Blinded acute skin toxicity was assessed weekly for each breast half separately and included clinician- (CTCAE) and patient-reported (modified RISRAS), and objective (spectrophotometry) assessments. As an additional external control, a comparable standard of care (SoC) patient collective from a previous prospective trial was used.
Sixty-four patients were included. There were no significant differences between breast halves. Post-hoc comparison with a similar SoC control collective revealed OR = 0.28 (95% CI 0.11–0.76; p = 0.014) for grade ≥ 2 RD upon WBI completion, along with less hyperpigmentation (p < 0.001), oedema (p = 0.020), dry (p < 0.001) and moist desquamation (p = 0.017), pain, itching, and burning (p < 0.001 for each). Tolerability of NIPP was excellent and side effects were not observed.
Even though there were no differences between intrapatient-randomised breast halves, the overall incidence and severity of acute radiation-induced skin toxicity were considerably lower when compared to a prospectively collected SoC cohort. Our data suggest the potential benefit of NIPP in RD prevention. A randomised trial with a physical control group is warranted to confirm these promising results (DRKS00026225).
Read the full article: https://www.ctro.science/article/S2405-6308(23)00124-6/fulltext
Authors: Cas Stefaan Dejonckheere, Julian Philipp Layer, Younèss Nour, Katharina Layer, Andrea Glasmacher, Shari Wiegreffe, Arne Fuhrmann, Lara Caglayan, Franziska Grau, Gustavo Renato Sarria, Davide Scafa, David Koch, Martina Heimann, Christina Leitzen, Mümtaz Ali Köksal, Fred Röhner, Thomas Müdder, Egon Dejonckheere, Frederic Carsten Schmeel, Teresa Anzböck, Kira Lindner, Anne Bachmann, Alina Abramian, Christina Kaiser, Andree Faridi, Alexander Mustea, Frank Anton Giordano, Matthias Bernhard Stope, Leonard Christopher Schmeel